In today’s CBRA Blog we provide a sneak preview of the outcomes of the AEO Benefit survey carried out by CBRA research team at the 3rd Global WCO AEO Conference, in Cancun, Mexico, 11-13 May 2016.
We keep today’s Blog very simple. First, we would like to introduce a new test-categorization of Customs granted AEO benefits, with the following five groups:
- More streamlined / simplified Customs (and related) procedures
- Less frequent interventions by the Customs administration
- Increased priority over non-AEO companies (“getting to the front of the queue”)
- Increased (positive) attention by the Customs administration
- Increased number of other privileges granted by the customs administration
And second, we list the AEO benefits from our survey (only question 2 in the survey form, which focuses explicitly on Customs granted benefits to the supply chain companies, and not benefits for Customs themselves, or any kind of “side benefits” for the companies) under each of the five categories. The order of the benefits per category is based on the survey outcomes, i.e. the first bullet point benefit was the most common one in the survey, followed by the second bullet and so forth. Please note that there are no ranking indications between the five groups, neither when it comes to the groups per se, nor to the individual benefits – these will be included in our academic publications, bit later this year…
Group 1. More streamlined / simplified Customs (and related) procedures
- Enjoying increased paperless processing of import/export shipments
- Enjoying an access to / pre-qualification with various simplified customs procedures
- Enjoying having a reduced number of data elements in the (final) declaration
- Enjoying having entry/exit summary declarations with reduced data sets
- Enjoying easier access to other governmental certification in the supply chain (e.g. in aviation security)
Group 2. Less frequent interventions by the Customs administration
- Enjoying minimum number of cargo security inspections
- Enjoying the option of audit-based / account-based controls (versus only transaction-based controls)
- Enjoying access to self-audit or reduced audit programs
Group 3. Increased priority over non-AEO companies (“getting to the front of the queue”)
- Enjoying priority use of non-intrusive inspection techniques when examination is required
- Enjoying a priority status in Customs processing during a period of elevated threat conditions
- Enjoying priority response to requests for ruling from Customs
- Enjoying expedited processes to resolve post-entry or post-clearance inquiries
- Enjoying priority treatment of consignments if selected for control
- Enjoying preferential treatment at border crossings in post-disaster/post-attack situations
- Enjoying a priority status in exporting to affected countries after a security incident
Group 4. Increased (positive) attention by the Customs administration
- Privilege to deal with designated Customs contact points / assistance by Customs supply chain security experts
- Privilege to receive training provided by Customs experts
- Privilege to be notified of the intention to release goods prior to their arrival (“pre-clearance”)
- Enjoying special treatment in some non-criminal legal cases
- Privilege to exploit “extended Customs office opening hours”, during high peak / congestion times
Group 5. Increased number of other privileges granted by the Customs administration
- Enjoying from tax privileges, such as speedier tax refunds and compensation
- Enjoying the option to manage clearance formalities, inspections etc. at the business site
- Enjoying from financial guarantee waivers, reductions or rebates
- Privilege to self-manage the bonded warehouses
- Enjoying tangible benefits due to mutual recognition agreements / arrangements (MRAs) with 3rd countries
- Privilege to choose the place of controls (if selected for control)
- Enjoying reductions on some Customs fees or charges
- Privilege to conduct self-assessments when Customs automated systems are not functioning
And that’s about it! Please be reminded again that this CBRA Blog is just a first scratch on the surface to start publishing results from the WCO Cancun 2016 AEO conference… And by the way, we are also working to publish the results from the WCO Madrid 2014 AEO conference, as we have been waiting to publish the full results of the both conferences in a parallel manner / in a same paper. In the meanwhile, please email us any feedback, ideas and/or criticism regarding this Blog!
In Lausanne, 8 June 2016, CBRA Blog Dr. Juha Hintsa
PS. Our earlier Blog with all the WCO Cancun 2016 AEO survey questions can be read at: http://www.cross-border.org/2016/05/08/aeo-benefits-or-no-benefits-thats-the/
PPS. Related literature by the Cross-border Research Association team and key partners:
Most of these papers are available for download at ResearchGate, https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Juha_Hintsa/publications . And all of them can be naturally requested by email ( email@example.com )
Hintsa, J., Mohanty, S., Rudzitis, N., Fossen, C. and Heijmann, F. (2014), “The role and value of customs administrations in minimization of socio-economic negative impacts related to illicit import flows in freight logistics systems- three preliminary cases in Europe – FP7-CORE”, Proceedings of the 9th WCO PICARD Conference, September 17-19, 2014, Puebla.
Hintsa, J. (2013), AEO – MRA Study for RTC- Thailand Europe Cooperation TEC-II, PDSC: Implementation of international standards on Supply Chain Security leading to a secure Trade Environment and to increased Trade Facilitation (Activity Code : TRA 4), Final Report, Bangkok.
Urciuoli, L. and Ekwall, D. (2012), “Possible impacts of supply chain security certifications on efficiency - a survey study about the possible impacts of AEO security certifications on supply chain efficiency”, Proceedings of Nofoma Conference, June 6-8, 2012, Naantali.
Hintsa, J., Männistö, T., Hameri, A.P., Thibedeau, C., Sahlstedt, J., Tsikolenko, V., Finger, M. and Granqvist, M. (2011), Customs Risk Management (CRiM): A Survey of 24 WCO Member Administrations, Study for World Customs Organization (WCO), February 28, 2011, Lausanne
Hintsa, J., Hameri, A.P., Männistö, T., Lazarescu, M., Ahokas, J. and Holmström, J. (2010), ”Conceptual model for measuring benefits of security in global supply chains”, Proceedings of the the 3rd International Conference on Transportation and Logistics (T-LOG), September 6-8, 2010, Fukuoka City.
Hintsa, J., Ahokas, J., Männistö, T. and Sahlstedt, J. (2010), “CEN supply chain security (SCS) feasibility study”, CEN/TC 379 Supply Chain Security, Final report, January 15, 2010
Gutiérrez, X., Hintsa, J., Wieser, P. and Hameri, A.P. (2007), “Voluntary supply chain security program impacts: an empirical study with BASC member companies”, World Customs Journal, Vol. 1 No. 2, pp.31-48.
Gutierrez, X. and Hintsa, J. (2006), “Voluntary supply chain security programs: a systematic comparison”, Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems, Logistics and Supply Chain (ILS), May 15-17, 2006, Lyon.